To the casual observer, Hawaii seems to be an unlikely place for fierce arts of self-defense to have originated. The mental picture of the Hawaii of olden times is one of peaceful Polynesians lazing under a warm sun, virtually isolated in the mid-Pacific and thus safe and secure from outside enemies. But this stereotype doesn’t fit the facts. Hawaii has had its share of invaders and war. And these lush tropical islands, cut off from the mainstream of the martial arts, produced one of the deadliest—some say the deadliest—form of unarmed self-defense systems ever invented.
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